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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Cocos nucifera L.



   Botanical NameCocos nucifera L.
   SynonymsCocos nana Griff; Cocos indica .Royle
   Common NameEnglish : Coconut / Tamil: Thennai
   DistributionGlobal : Cultivated throughout the tropics
Indian : Throughout India
   DescriptionErect trees up 20 m tall some time exceeds 30m height with annular petiolar scars. Leaves pinnatisect, 4-6 m long, leaflets reduplicate, base narrow, apex tapering, acute. Spadices interfoliar, 100cm long, panicled. Spathe 60-130 cm long, oblong, woody. Flowers monoecious, subsessile. Male flowers, often paired. Sepals ovate, Petals ovate, woody, yellowish-brown. Stamens 6, pistillode short, 3-fid. Female flowers 1-3 per branch, basal, globose. Perianth-lobes 6, woody, outer lobes broadly obovate, inner lobes reniform. Ovary 3-celled, ovule 1 per cell, style short. Drupe, ovoid or globose, trigonous, pericarp fibrous, endocarp stony. Seed coherent with the endocarp.
   Flowering Fruiting periodThroughout the year
   UsesCommercially cultivated, Edible, Oil, Peat-free compost, and fibre
   Medicinal UsesAntipyretic, Venereal diseases treatment, Antioxidant and diuretic.
   Tamil NameThennai