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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Delonix regia (Boj. ex Hook.) Raf.


Cemmayir- konrai

   Botanical NameDelonix regia (Boj. ex Hook.) Raf.
   SynonymsDelonix regia .var. flavida Stehle; Poinciana regia Hook.
   Common NameEnglish : Flame tree / Tamil : Cemmayir- konrai
   DistributionGlobal : India, Europe, Middle East and North Africa
Indian : Throughout India
   DescriptionLarge deciduous tree up to 15-20 m tall, Bark brown. Stem large and buttressed. Leaves, compound, pinnate, rachis 30-50cm long, pinna 20-40 pairs petiole pulvinus. Inflorescence corymb. Flowers complete, large, pentamerous, bisexual, calyx ovate-lanceolate, green outer side and red inner side, polysepalous; petals 5, clawed, with four scarlets to orange red, standard petal up right marked with yellow and white. Fruit pod, 60cm long, woody, dark brown to black upon dry. Seeds small, hard to break, germinated after exposed to fire.
   Flowering Fruiting periodMarch - August
   UsesPlanted as Ornamental and for shade, Household timber purposes and fire wood
   Medicinal UsesUsed as Anti-diabetic activity, Anti-bacterial activity, Anti-diarrheal property, Hepatoprotective / Cytoptoxic property, Anti-microbial activity, Anti-Inflammatory activity.
   Tamil NameCemmayir- konrai