SELECT * FROM Dept_web WHERE `Department` LIKE "Botany"

Department of Botany

Since 1980

Ficus religiosa L.



   Botanical NameFicus religiosa L.
   SynonymsFicus peepul Griff.; Ficus caudate. Strokes
   Common NameEnglish: Peepal / Tamil: Arasu
   DistributionGlobal : India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal and Pakistan
Indian : Throughout India
   DescriptionLarge Tree up to 25 m tall, aerial roots absent, bark grey, smooth, milky exudation present. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, young leaves pink, ovate-lanceolate, a gland at the apex below, margin entire, undulate, glabrous, shining, coriaceous, intercostae reticulate venation. Inflorescence - syconia, sessile, axillary, in pairs, obovoid or globose, twig wall thick; basal bracts 3, persistent, orifice, closed by 3 apical bracts in a disc 2-3 mm wide, internal bristles none. Male flowers sessile, in one ring; tepals 2, ovate-lanceolate, free, reddish, stamen - 1, filament short, anther oblong, Female flowers sessile, tepals 3 - 4, linear-lanceolate, free, brownish, glabrous, ovary superior, ovoid-oblong, red-brown, style lateral, stigma rounded. Gall flowers similar to female. Syconium 4-8 mm across, ripening pink, purple or black; achenes smooth.
   Flowering Fruiting periodApril-May
   UsesUsed as fuel wood, tanning and food for cattle, fruit edible. Commonly planted in temple and sacred grooves.
   Medicinal UsesLeaves and barks are used to prepare herbal medicines.
   Tamil NameArasu