SELECT * FROM Dept_web WHERE `Department` LIKE "Botany"

Department of Botany

Since 1980

Guazuma ulmifolia Lam



   Botanical NameGuazuma ulmifolia Lam
   SynonymsTheobroma guazuma. L.; Guazuma tomentosa. Kunth.
   Common NameEnglish : West Indian elm / Tamil : Uthraksham
   DistributionGlobal : America, Java, Mexico, Peru and India
Indian : Throughout India
   DescriptionDeciduous tree up to 30m height, Bark dark brown. Leaves alternate,2 rows in assembled flatly, leaves ovate to lance, finely saw-toothed margin, texture rough. Inflorescence panicles (indeterminate flower clusters), borne at bottom of leaves. Flowers many, short-stalked, small in size, brown-yellow color, fragrant; calyx lobed (2-3), have hairs that are brown or light grey, as well as greenish. Petals 5, yellow to pink tinged at tip; stamen, 15 anthers/pistil, yellow colored; Pistil, 5 stigmas (combined), ovary lighter green in color with hairs, and also contains a style. Fruit capsules, elliptical to round. Seeds many, eggs shaped, grey.
   Flowering Fruiting periodAugust-September / Throughout the year
   UsesWood, Shelter and Fodder to horses
   Medicinal UsesTreatment of diarrhea, Hemorrhages, fever, Coughs, Bronchitis, Asthma.
   Tamil NameUthraksham