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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Manilkara zapota (L.) P. Royen



   Botanical NameManilkara zapota (L.) P. Royen
   SynonymsAchradelpha mammosa .(L.) O.F.Cook ; Achras dactylina. Lundell.
   Common NameEnglish : Sapota / Tamil : Chappotta
   DistributionGlobal: Mexico, Central America, Thailand, Philippines, and Malaysia.
Indian: Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka.
   DescriptionMedium sized evergreen tree p to 15 - 20 m height, bark Grey brown, white, gummy latex present. Leaves simple, alternate, elliptic to ovat, margin entire. Inflorescence solitary or cyme. Flowers white, inconspicuous and bell-like, with a six-lobed corolla. An unripe fruit has a firm outer skin and when picked, releases white chicle from its stem. A fully ripened fruit has saggy skin and does not release chicle when picked. Fruit large berry. Inside, its flesh ranges from a pale yellow to an earthy brown color with a grainy texture akin to that of a well-ripened pear. Sees 1-6 hard, glossy, and black, resembling beans, with a hook at one end.
   Flowering Fruiting periodAugust-October and January onwards
   UsesEdible fruit, Gum and tannin, construction, railway ties, furniture, joinery.
   Medicinal UsesDiuretic, ant diarrheal, antibiotic, anti hyperglycemic, hypo-cholesterolemic effects, used to cure diarrhoea and fever.
   Tamil NameChappotta