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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Monoon longifolium (sonn) B.Xue& R.M.K Saunders


Netti lingam

   Botanical NameMonoon longifolium (sonn) B.Xue& R.M.K Saunders
   SynonymsPolyalthia longifolia. Sonn; Uvaria longifolium. sonn
   Common NameEnglish : False Asoka tree/ Tamil : Netti lingam
   DistributionGlobal : Bhutan , China ,Sri Lanka
Indian : Throughout India, Andaman and Nicobar Islands
   DescriptionAn evergreen tree with a straight trunk up to 10-25 m height. Bark dark grayish brown. Leaves simple, alternate, narrow lanceolate or linear lanceolate, margin wavy or undulate, apex long acuminate, aromatic, shining dark green. Flowers bisexual, axillary, solitary or fascicled on very short umbels from axils of fallen leaves, yellowish green, pedicels slender, tomentos. Sepals 3, broadly ovate or triangular, base connate, apex acute, pubescent. Petals 6, in 2 series, valvate, outer petals, slightly narrower than the inner petals, lanceolate, base broad, apex acuminate, yellowish green, fleshy, glabrous inside, inner petals base broader than outer petals. Stamens numerous, about 1 mm long, anthers broad, dorsal, connectives convex flat on top. Carpels many, base slightly broad, linear, stigma sessile. Ripe carpels, subglobose or ellipsoid monocarps, green when young, dark purplish black when ripe, stalk stout. Seeds 1, pale brown to light brown, longitudinally grooved, ovoid.
   Flowering Fruiting periodMarch-May/July-September
   UsesOrnamental, Making of masts for sailing ships.
   Medicinal UsesSeed oil – anti-oxidant, anti-lipooxygenase and antimicrobial.
   Tamil NameNetti lingam