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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Peltophorum pterocarpum (DC.) K. Heyne



   Botanical NamePeltophorum pterocarpum (DC.) K. Heyne
   SynonymsBaryxylum inerma. (Roxb).pierre; Caesalpinia arborea. Miq.
   Common NameEnglish : Copperpod / Tamil : Perunkonrai
   DistributionGlobal : Southeast Asia, Australia, Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia
Indian : Throughout India
   DescriptionLarge deciduous tree up to 25-40 m height with large trunk, Bakr dark brown to black. Leaves bipinnate, with 16-20 pinnae, leaf lets 20-40, oval shaped. Inflorescence Compound raceme. Flowers, pentamerous, numerous, yellow, Complete bisexual and produced in large number. Calyx 5 small, 1 cm across; petals 5, yellow, clawed. Androecium 10, unequal in length. Fruit - pod small, red at first, ripening black, and containing one to four seeds.
   Flowering Fruiting periodMarch - May
   UsesOrnamental commonly planted for shade in parks and road side.Hard wood for burning, Used for gargles and tooth powders.
   Medicinal UsesUsed as an astringent to cure or relieve intestinal disorders after pain at childbirth, sprains, bruises and swelling or as a lotion for eye troubles, muscular pains, and sores. It is also used for gargles and tooth powders.
   Tamil NamePerunkonrai