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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa


Vilvam Maram

   Botanical NameAegle marmelos (L.) Correa
   SynonymsCrateva marmelos L.; Belou marmelos .(L.) Lyons
   Common NameEnglish : Bael tree / Tamil : Vilvam
   DistributionGlobal : South East Asia, Africa and the United States.
Indian - Throughout India
   DescriptionDecidous tree up to 12 m tall, Trunk with dark brown bark. Axillary spines present. Leaves alternate-3-foliolate, sometimes 5-foliolate, dimorphic. Inflorescences axillary and terminal, racemose or corymbose, few-flowered. Flowers bisexual, greenish white or yellow, fragrant. Stamens numerous in 2 or 3 series. Ovary ovoid with faintly ridged, 10-loculed; ovules many, style short; stigma oblong, longitudinally grooved. Berries ovoid, woody, yellowish, many seeded; seeds oblong and flat.
   Flowering Fruiting periodMay-July / September-December
   UsesNectar source, culturally significant, Timber, Implements, Tanning and dyeing. Commonly planted in Siva temples
   Medicinal UsesMedicinal for indigestion and constipation, anti-inflammatory and treat tuberculosis.
   Tamil NameVilvam Maram