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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth.



   Botanical NamePithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth.
   SynonymsAlbizia dulcis. (Roxb.) F. Muell.; Inga javana DC.
   Common NameEnglish : Madras thorn / Tamil : Kodukkapuli
   DistributionGlobal : Native of tropical America, Throughout tropics.
Indian : Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Assam
   DescriptionTree up to 10 to 15 m height. Bark ash to grey color, thon presents. Leaves Bipinnate compound, pinna with single pair of ovate-oblong leaflets, Petiole short. Inflorescence terminal raceme, reach about 12 cm in length and appears shorter due to coiling. Flowers are greenish-white, globular, fragrant, sessile. Fruit pod, coiled, green at young and turns red at ripe, expose seeds with an edible white pulp. Seeds many, black, shiny.
   Flowering Fruiting periodMarch - April/ May - June
   UsesFruit pulp edible, Nectar source, Fix atmospheric nitrogen and Timber.
   Medicinal UsesUsed to treat gum ailments, toothache and bleeding, Boosts Immune,the bark of the root is a good remedy for diarrhea and dysentery, Fruit pulp good remedy for diabetics.
   Tamil NameKodukkapuli