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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Albizia saman (Jacq.) Merr.


Thoongumoonji maram

   Botanical NameAlbizia saman (Jacq.) Merr.
   SynonymsSamanea saman.(Jacq.) Merr; Acacia propinqua A. Rich.
   Common NameEnglish : Rain tree / Tamil : Thoongumoonji maram
   DistributionGlobal : South America, India and Sri Lanka
Indian : Assam , Bihar, Maharashtra, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu
   Description: Large trees up to 10-25 m height. Bark dark grey and vertically fissured. Branchlets puberulent to tomentose. Leaves compound, pinnae 3-5(or 6) pairs, to 15 cm; glands at junctions of pinnae and leaflets; leaflets 3-8 pairs per pinna, asymmetrically oblong. Inflorescence Heads 1-5 position axillary. Marginal flowers pedicellate; calyx funnel-shaped, corolla red or yellowish red. Stamens white at base, purple toward apex, 3.5 cm long, staminal tube shorter than corolla tube. Central flowers sessile; corolla short; staminal tube longer than corolla. Fruit lomentum, black, oblong, compressed, sutures thickened, septate between seeds. Seeds brown, ellipsoidal.
   Flowering Fruiting periodFebruary - March / April - May
   UsesTimber, fodder, fruit pulp used in beverage, fuel wood and commonly planted as shadow tree
   Medicinal UsesStomach pain, cold, headache, intestinal ailments, sore throat and Diarrhoea.
   Tamil NameThoongumoonji maram