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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Simarouba glauca DC.


Sourga Maram

   Botanical NameSimarouba glauca DC.
   SynonymsQuassia simarouba. L.; Simarouba amara Aubl.
   Common NameEnglish: Paradise Tree / Tamil: Sourga Maram
   DistributionGlobal : America, Caribbean, India.
Indian : Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.
   DescriptionEvergreen and small to medium-sized tree growing up to 15 m in height, with a narrow crown, Light ash to grey bark, cylindrical bole. The leaves are arranged alternately, are odd pinnately compound, with 10-20 leaflets. The leaves are dark green above, lighter below, with an entire margin and rounded leaf tip. Inflorescence panicle cyme. Flowers are arranged in at branch-ends and in leaf-axils, in panicles. The calyx has 5 unfused, greenish sepals. The flower has 5 free yellowish-white overlapping petals. Male flowers have 10 stamens and no ovaries. Female flowers have 10 non-functional stamens and 5 unfused ovaries each with a single locule and seed. Occasionally there are perfect flowers produced on either the staminate or carpellate trees. The fruit is an oval purple/black drupe at maturity. The fruits can be eaten raw but are of inferior quality.
   Flowering Fruiting periodDecember - February and March-April
   UsesWood is generally insect resistant, biofuel, soaps, detergents, lubricants,varnishes, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.
   Medicinal UsesTreatment for diarrhoea, malaria, edema, fever and stomach upset.
   Tamil NameSourga Maram