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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Terminalia bellericia (Gaertn.) Roxb.



   Botanical NameTerminalia bellericia (Gaertn.) Roxb.
   SynonymsMyrobalanus bellirica. Gaertn., Terminili agella Dalz.
   Common NameEnglish : Bedda nut tree / Tamil : Tanri
   DistributionGlobal : Indo- Malesia ,Indo- China ,Thailand
Indian : Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Tamil Nadu and Kerala
   DescriptionLarge deciduous tree up to 20-30 m height, Bark light brown vertically fissured, branchlets warty, with persistent leaf- scars. Leaves densely clustered at the ends of branchlets, alternate, ovate- obovate or broadly elliptic, coriaceous, 6-8-nerved, glabrous, finely pellucid- dotted above, base cuneate- attenuate or obtuse, oblique, margin entire-subcrenulate, apex rotund, emarginate. Inflorescence Axillary Spike, solitary or clustered, peduncle 2 cm, brancteoles caducous. Flowers small, pentamerous, complete, bisexual, actinomorphic and hypogynous. Calyx tube 1 mm, pubescent, lobes 5, cream, triangular. Petals absent or caducous, Stamens 10, filaments short 2.5-3 mm. Ovary-1.5 mm,monocarpellary; ovules 2 or 3, style - 4 mm. Fruit Drupe subglobose, softly tomentose, obscurely 5 - ridged, horned.
   Flowering Fruiting periodMarch- May / June - September
   UsesDurable wood used for making furniture‚Äôs and planted for shade
   Medicinal UsesUsed in ayurvedic medicines to treat skin disease
   Tamil NameTanri