SELECT * FROM Dept_web WHERE `Department` LIKE "Botany"

Department of Botany

Since 1980

Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.


Neer Maruthu

   Botanical NameTerminalia arjuna (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.
   SynonymsPentaptera glabra .Roxb., Pentaptera arjuna Roxb. ex DC.
   Common NameEnglish: Arjun Sadad / Tamil: Neer Maruthu
   DistributionGlobal : Malesia, Indonesia, Kenya, India
Indian : Southern India, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra and Odissa
   DescriptionLarge deciduous tree up to 30-60 m height; Bark peel off, whitish grey, branchlets pubescent. Leaves alternate to sub-opposite, oblong or obovate-oblanceolate, thick-coriaceous, nerves 15 - 18 pairs, arcuate, glabrous. Inflorescence axillary spikes arranged in panicles up to 10 cm, bracteoles linear. Flowers small, pentamerous, bisexual, actinomorphic, compelete. Calyx tube - 2 mm, pubescent, lobes 5, cream, triangular, glabrous. Stamens - 10, filaments short 3mm. Ovary ovoid small, monocarpellary, ovules 2 or 3, pendulous, style - 4 mm. Drupe 5-angled, 5-winged, lines on wings oblique and curving upwards, apex notched.
   Flowering Fruiting periodMay-June / October -November
   UsesHigh valued timber used for making furniture and leaves are used as green manure
   Medicinal UsesUsed to control blood pressure and to control heart disease used in ayurvedic
   Tamil NameNeer Maruthu