SELECT * FROM Dept_web WHERE `Department` LIKE "Botany"

Department of Botany

Since 1980

Ixora pavetta Andrews



   Botanical NameIxora pavetta Andrews
   SynonymsIxora arborea. Roxb. ex Sm.; Ixora decipiens DC
   Common NameEnglish : Torch tree, Small flowered Ixora/ Tamil : Koraan, Sulundhu
   DistributionGlobal : India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka and introduced as ornamental in tropics
Indian: Throughout Southern and Eastern India.
   DescriptionSmall evergreen tree up to 10m height, bark dark brown, Inner wood reddish brown, smooth. Interpetiolar stipules present. Leaves simple, petiolate, or subsessile, opposite decussate, elliptic to obovate, base subcordate, margin entire, thick coriaceous, intercostate reticulate venation. Inflorescence corymbiform terminal panicle / cymes. Flowers white, small, tetramerous, complete, bisexual, actinomorphic, epigynous, calyx 4 sepals, toothed, truncate, corolla 4, united, long tubular, recurved. Stamens 4, epipetalous attached to the neck of corolla tube, anthers sagittate. Ovary bilocular, inferior, one ovule in each locule, style exerted, stigma bifid. Fruit berry, spherical and black in colour, seeds minute, ovoide.
   Flowering Fruiting periodJanuary - April / April - May
   UsesTree planted as ornamental, fodder, green manure, live fence, small implements making and as fuel wood
   Medicinal UsesFlowers used for whooping cough, leaf decoction used for the treatment of fever and ulcer. Root used for the treatment of Jaundice, intestinal obstructions, head ache and urinary infections.
   Tamil NameKoraan