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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers.



   Botanical NameLagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers.
   SynonymsAdambea glabra. Lam.; Lagerstroemia augusta Wall.
   Common NameEnglish : Pride of India, Giant Crape-myrtle / Tamil : Manimaruthu, Poomaruthu
   DistributionGlobal : Tropical southern Asia, Philippines and Australia
Indian: Throughout India.
   DescriptionMedium sized deciduous tree up to 15m height, bark light grey to creamy white colour. Leaves simple, petiolate, opposite, ovate to elliptic, margin entire, lateral veins prominent, apex acute. Inflorescence raceme an erect panicle. Flowers large in terminal panicle, white or purple, showy, complete, bisexual, hypogynous, calyx tubular, 6(9) lobed, petals 6 inserted in the calyx lobe, clawed, margin wrinkled. Stamens many, arranged in several rows, anthers yellow in colour. Ovary tricarpellary sometimes 6 locular, syncarpous, with many ovules in each locule, style one. Fruit woody capsule, dry dehiscent with persistent calyx. Seed minute with apical wing.
   Flowering Fruiting periodMarch - May / July - August
   UsesTree planted as ornamental, soil erosion control and forest restoration.Wood used to make small implements and as fuel.
   Medicinal UsesUsed for antidiabetic, hypertension, antioxidant and antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and for ulcer.
   Tamil NameManimaruthu/Poomaruthu