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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Artabotrys hexapetalus (L. f.) Bhandari.



   Botanical NameArtabotrys hexapetalus (L. f.) Bhandari.
   SynonymsAnnona hexapetala L. f.; Annona uncinata. Lam.
   Common NameEnglish : Tail grape / Tamil : Manoranjidham
   DistributionGlobal : Burma, Sri Lanka
Indian : South India, Assam
   DescriptionScandent bushy Tree up to 5-8 m Tall, Bark dark brown. Leaves simple, alternate, lanceolate, margin entire, apex acute, dark green, lateral veins 10-16 on either side of the midrib, petiole stout. Inflorescence solitary or in pairs, on a hooked peduncle at the apex and middle, peduncle drooping. Flowers bisexual, Trimerous, fragrant on a hooked peduncle. Sepals 3, ovate or somewhat triangular, apex acute, connate at the base, greenish outside or yellowish green inside. Petals 6 in 2 rows, rarely 9, ovate-lanceolate, base clawed, greenish yellow when young and yellow when mature, densely minutely pubescent. Stamens many, oblong, about 1.5 mm long, apically triangular. Carpels few, sickle shaped, pubescent or glabrous, style curved, stigma blunt. Carpels, 6-14, narrowly obovoid or ovoid in fruit, yellow when ripe, stalk short, Seeds 1-2, oval-oblong, brown, deeply grooved on one side.
   Flowering Fruiting periodAugust – September
   UsesCultivated for its fragrant flowers, contain essential oils
   Medicinal UsesThe fruits and the bark are used to treat fever, diarrhoea, skin diseases, wounds, ulcers, inflammation, cough, asthma, and bronchitis.
   Tamil NameManoranjidham