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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Millingtonia hortensis L. f.



   Botanical NameMillingtonia hortensis L. f.
   SynonymsBignonia azedarachta .Kon. & Sims; Nevrilis suberosa Raf.
   Common NameEnglish : Indian Cork Tree / Tamil : Panneerpoo, Maramalli
   DistributionGlobal : Tropical South east Asia and China
Indian: Throughout India.
   DescriptionTall evergreen tree up to 25m height, bark bright yellow brown colour, corky and rough. Leaves compound, petiolate, imparipinnate resembles like neem leaf, dark green, ovate to lanceolate, serrate, apex acute. Inflorescence panicle raceme. Flowers white, tubular, pentamerous, complete, zygomorphic, bisexual, sweet scented. Calyx small, green, 5 lobed, Corolla 5 petal, tubular, slightly zygomorphic, white coloured. Stamens 5 rarely 4, epipetalous, didynamous, exserted. Ovary monocarpellary, superior, ovules many, style long, stigma bifid. Fruit flat capsule with many seeds. seeds small and winged
   Flowering Fruiting periodSeptember - November / December - January
   UsesPlanted as avenue tree in garden, road side for the fragrant flowers,Wood used as timber.
   Medicinal UsesFlower buds used for treatment of asthma, Sinusitis. Entire plant used for treatment of lungs and for cough diseases.
   Tamil NamePanneerpoo/Maramalli