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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.


Palaa Maram

   Botanical NameArtocarpus heterophyllus Lam.
   SynonymsArtocarpus brasiliensis Gomez, Artocarpus maximus.Blanco
   Common NameEnglish : Jackfruit / Tamil – Palaamaram
   DistributionGlobal : Indonesia, Malaysia, Philiphines, Sri Lanka, India
   DescriptionEvergreen tree up to 25 m Tall, Bark blackish-grey, mottled with green and black, exudation milky white latex. Leaves simple, alternate, obovate, margin entire. Flowers unisexual, minute, yellowish-green, in spikes enclosed by spathe-like bracts. Male flower from young branches, catkin inflorescence narrow-cylindric, perianth 2-lobed, puberulous, stamen 1, filament somewhat flattened, stout, anthers ovate-oblong, female catkins from the trunk and mature branches, more massive, perianth with strongly projecting conical apex, ovary - 0.3 mm, superior, globose-obovoid, style exserted, stigma spathulate. Fruit a sorosis, fruiting perianth yellow to light orange, fleshy, seeds elliptic-oblong, smooth, glossy.
   Flowering Fruiting periodMarch – April / June – August
   UsesCommercially planted for fruits. Timber used to make furniture or musical instruments
   Medicinal UsesLeaves used as treating ulcers, diarrhoea, stomach-ache, and boils; Pulp used as anti-syphilitic.
   Tamil NamePalaa Maram