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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Parkia biglandulosa Wight & Arn.


Bandhu Kai Maram

   Botanical NameParkia biglandulosa Wight & Arn.
   SynonymsMimosa pedunculata. Roxb.; Parkia pedunculata. (Roxb.) J. F. Macbr.
   Common NameEnglish : Badminton Ball Tree / Tamil : Bandhu Kai Maram
   DistributionGlobal: Africa, India, Myanmar and Bangladesh
Indian: Throughout India
   DescriptionLarge deciduous unarmed tree up to 20m height, bark greyish white. Leaves Bipinnate compound, alternate, petiole pulvinate, two glands present at the base of petiole, Leaf pinna - 20 to 60 pairs, leaflets minute (60-100 pairs), margin entire, apex obtuse. Inflorescence globose or spherical head. Flowers greenish white to brownish, peduncle long, pentamerous, bisexual, actinomorphic, calyx sepals 5, tubular and toothed, corolla petals 5, cleft halfway down, segment subvalvate. Stamens 10, exserted, filament united at the base, anther narrow, glandless, pollen cohering in irregular masses. Ovary monocarpellary, stalked with many ovule, style filiform, stigma capitate. Fruit pod, downy, narrowed gradually in to long stalk, strap shaped. Seeds small and many.
   Flowering Fruiting periodJanuary - March / April - June
   UsesPlanted as avenue tree. Roasted seeds added as substitute for coffee seeds containing flavouring substances. The farinaceous pulp around the seeds are edible
   Medicinal UsesNot analysed for any medicinal uses.
   Tamil NameBandhu Kai Maram