SELECT * FROM Dept_web WHERE `Department` LIKE "Botany"

Department of Botany

Since 1980

Gmelina arborea Roxb.



   Botanical NameGmelina arborea Roxb.
   SynonymsGmelina oblongifolia .Roxb.; Gmelina sinuata Link
   Common NameEnglish : Kambari / Tamil: Kumalaa maram, Kumizh
   DistributionGlobal : India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam,China, Bangladesh and Malaysia
Indian : Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh,Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu.
   DescriptionDeciduous trees up to 18m height, bark white or whitish-grey, smooth, lenticellate, scurfy, exfoliating in thin flakes, blaze yellow, with triangular rays, branchlets stout, tomentose. Leaves simple, opposite, estipulate; petiolate, slender, tomentose, lamina broadly ovate or ovate, base cordate truncate or rounded, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous above and tomentose beneath, glaucous beneath, coriaceous. Nerves prominent, prominent, puberulent beneath, intercostae scalariform, prominent, 2 glands above on either side of the midrib. Flowers bisexual, yellow with orange-pink shade, in terminal panicles, calyx 6 mm long, campanulate, 5 toothed, tomentose, corolla 3 cm across, bilabiate, tube ventricose, lobes 5, subequal, obovate, obtuse, densely hairy. Stamens 4, didynamous, anthers 2 mm, divaricate. Ovary superior, syncarpous, glabrous, ovules 4, style small, slender, glabrous, Stigma unequally bifid. Fruit a drupe ovoid, pulpy, pyrene bonny, ovoid with a deep depression, yellow, seeds 2-4, elliptic.
   Flowering Fruiting periodFebruary-March / April-July
   UsesWood is used in furniture making and agriculture implements. Leaves used as fodder.
   Medicinal UsesPlant used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, fainting, fever, leucorrhoea, cardiac, diseases, stomachache, poisoning, piles.
   Tamil NameKumizh