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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.


Vaanai pudukan / Nagamalli

   Botanical NameKigelia africana (Lam.) Benth.
   SynonymsBignonia africana .Lam.; Tecoma africana Lam.
   Common NameEnglish: Sausage tree / Tamil: Yaanai pudukan / Nagamalli
   DistributionGlobal: Africa, Zimbabwe, India and Tropical Asia
Indian: Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh
   DescriptionLarge deciduous tree growing up to 20 m height, bark grey and smooth, peeling occurs on older trees. Leave pinnately compound, opposite or whorls of three, dark green, margin smooth, petiolate, terminal leaflets may be either absent or present. Inflorescence long pendulous panicles. Flowers large, pentamerous, zygomorphic, complete, bisexual and hypogynous, calyx 5 sepals united green, petals 5, tubular or bell shaped, orange to maroon or purplish green. Stamens 4, dydenomous, two long and two short filaments, epipetalous. Gynoecium bilocular, syncarpous, superior ovary, style long, stigma bifid or bilibid. Fruit woody berry, hand down on the long pendulous peduncle. Fruit pulp fibrous, containing many seeds.
   Flowering Fruiting periodAugust - October / December - June
   UsesThe powdered mature fruit is applied as a dressing in the treatment of wounds, abscesses, and ulcers
   Medicinal UsesPlant reported to have anticancer, antiulcer, anti-aging, antioxidant, and anti-malarial properties.
   Tamil NameVaanai pudukan / Nagamalli