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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J.C. Wendl.


Pon moongil

   Botanical NameBambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J.C. Wendl.
   SynonymsArundarbor blancoi (Steud.) Kuntze; Arundo fera Oken; Arundo mitis Lour; Bambos mitis (Lour.) Poir.; Bambusa auriculata Kurz
   Common NameEnglish: Golden bamboo / Tamil: Pon Moongil, Nama-tari
   DistributionGlobal: Native to Indochina and naturalized in tropics and subtropics
Indian: Throughout India
   DescriptionErect yellow culms with green strips that grows up to 15-20 m height, Rhizome pachymorph and short, culms loosely arranged, yellow and brightly polished, hollow and cylindrical. Culm sheath broad, deciduous, covered with dark brown hairs, hispid, ciliate and auriculate. Ligule enciliate membrance, broad, dentate, round at base and decurrent on the sheath. Leaves simple narrowly or broadly lanceolate, round or attenuate at base, twisted, pale green, leaf sheath hairy, ending with smooth ciliate callus. Inflorescence a compound panicle branched spike bearing 3-10 spikelet’s in bracteate cluster. Spikelet erect, pedicellate, oblong – lanceolate, acute, compressed. Glume 1-2, ovate, acute, ciliate at apex, Lemmas long acuminate, cuspidate, attenuateat at base, paleas long, acute, 2 keeled, ciliate, faintly 3 nerved. Stamens 6, long, versatile, lodicules 3, unequal, stigma three.
   Flowering Fruiting periodMonocarpic, 80 - 150 years
   UsesCulms used in light construction such as houses, huts, boats, boating poles, fences, scaffolding, furniture, musical instruments and handicrafts. Commonly planted as ornamental.
   Medicinal UsesIt is widely used in treating hypertension, arteriosclerosis, cardiovascular disease, and cancer.
   Tamil NamePon moongil