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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Azadirachta indica A. Juss.



   Botanical NameAzadirachta indica A. Juss.
   SynonymsMelia azadirachta L.; Antelaea azadirachta. (L.) Adelbert
   Common NameEnglish : Neem Trees / Tamil : Vembu
   DistributionGlobal : India, Indo-Malesia
Indian : Throughout India
   DescriptionDeciduous tree up to 20m tall, Bark brownish grey fissured, Leaves odd- or even- pinnate, leaflets 7 pairs, subopposite, oblong lanceolate. Inflorescence - axillary panicles. Flowers pentamerous, bisexual. Calyx- lobes 5, ovate, ciliolate, connate at base. Petals 5, white, free, oblong – obovate, attenuate at base, tomentose, imbricate. Staminal tube - 4 mm, Stamens 10; anthers exserted, opposite to lobes, sessile. Ovary 3- celled; ovules 2 per cell, Style short, stigma terete, 3- lobed. Drupe oblong-ovoid, seed solitary, ellipsoid.
   Flowering Fruiting periodApril / June - August
   UsesTree used as timber, Leaves used as pesticides, repellent and fertilizer
   Medicinal UsesAntimicrobial, Antiviral, Antidiabetic, Anti-inflammatory, Anticancer, Neuroprotective.
   Tamil NameVembu