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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Beaucarnea recurvata (K.Kouch & Fintelm.) Lem.


Ponytail Palm

   Botanical NameBeaucarnea recurvata (K.Kouch & Fintelm.) Lem.
   SynonymsPincenectitia tuberculate Lem.; Dasylirion inerme S.Watson; Nolina recurvata (Lem.) Hemsl.; Beaucarnea tuberculata (Lem.) Hurst
   Common NameEnglish: Ponytail Palm / Tamil: Yaanai Kaal Panai
   DistributionGlobal: Native to Mexico, Ornamental plant in Tropic and subtropic countries.
Indian: Throughout India
   DescriptionEvergreen caudiciform shrub or tree grow up to 8 m height, bark whitish grey, stem swollen at the base for storing water, succulent. Leave simple strap shaped, recurved, leathery, produced as tufts at the terminal end of the stem. In florescence elongated cluster panicle. Flowers creamy yellow, showy, dioecious male and female flower produced separate plants. Male flower are minute white, tepals 6 two whorls, stamens 6, arranged in two whorls, filament white, anther yellow, pistilode present. Female flowers as like male flower, red tinched, monocarpel, style short, seed small, shiny.
   Flowering Fruiting periodTake 30 years to flower, May - June
   UsesOrnamental plant grown in garden.
   Medicinal UsesNot known.
   Tamil NamePonytail Palm