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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Ixora javanica (Blume) DC


Naavilla arali

   Botanical NameIxora javanica (Blume) DC
   SynonymsIxora amoena Wall. ex G. Don.; Pavetta javanica Blume
   Common NameEnglish: White Frangipani, Bridal bouquet / Tamil: Naavilla arali
   DistributionGlobal: Southeast Asia and ornamental in Tropical countries.
Indian: Throughout India
   DescriptionEvergreen shrub up to 3 m height, bark greenish brown. Leaves light green, simple, opposite decussate, oval shaped, margin entire, apex acute, stipules interpetiolar. Inflorescence dichasial cyme. Flower tetramerous, tubular, funnel shaped, complete, bisexual, actinomorphic and epigynous. calyx 4 sepals, united, teethed at tip, corolla, salver form, 4 petals, long tubular at base and lobed at the end. Stamens 4, epipetalous, filament short, anther small arrowed attached at the neck of the corolla. Gynoecium bicarpellary, syncarpous, inferior ovary, style long, stigma bifid. Fruit a berry, black at maturity.
   Flowering Fruiting periodThroughout the year.
   UsesOrnamental plant grown in garden.
   Medicinal UsesPlant possess several ethnomedicinal importance such antioxidant and antibacterial, hepatoprotectives and anticancer activity.
   Tamil NameNaavilla arali