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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd.


Kaagitha Poo

   Botanical NameBougainvillea spectabilis Willd.
   SynonymsBougainvillea speciosa Schnizl.; Bougainvillea virescens Choisy
   Common NameEnglish: Great Bougainvilla / Tamil: Kaagitha Poo
   DistributionGlobal: Brazil, Bolivia, Peru and Argentina. Introduced as ornamental in Tropical countries
Indian: Throughout India
   DescriptionEvergreen woody climber up to 10m height, bark brown, woody thorns present on the stem. Leaves simple, spiral arranged, ovate to cordate, obtuse, entire, wavy, hairy. Inflorescence axillary or terminal panicle. Bracts 3, petaloid, arranged as involucre and bears the flower, purple or rosy purple, ovate, obtuse, cordate, membranous and reticulate veined. Flower adnate to bract, perianth tubular, yellow, hairy, 5 lobed, narrow mouth. Stamens 7 - 8, filament connate at the base. Ovary monocarpel, ovule 1, style lateral. Fruit achene with anthocarp.
   Flowering Fruiting periodMarch – July (Flower ornamental throughout the Year)
   UsesOrnamental plant grown in gardens.
   Medicinal UsesPlant reported to have anticancer, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiulcer and antioxidant properties.
   Tamil NameKaagitha Poo