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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roem. & Schult.


Desert Rose

   Botanical NameAdenium obesum (Forssk.) Roem. & Schult.
   SynonymsAdenium coetaneum Stapf; Adenium honghel A. DC.; Nerium obesum Forssk.
   Common NameEnglish: Desert rose, Adenium / Tamil: --
   DistributionGlobal: Native to tropical Africa. Ornamental introduced throughout the World.
Indian: Throughout India
   DescriptionSmall erect succulent plant grows up to 3m height and 6m height in wild. Mostly deciduous in dry land. Stem stout with swollen basal caudex. Leaves are simple, spirally arranged, clustered at the tip, entire and leathery. Flower pentamerous, tubular, bisexual, actinomorphic, complete, Calyx 5 sepals, toothed, mostly colour merge with corolla, petals 5, tubular or campanulate, bright red colour and varies according to varieties. Stamens 5 epipetalous, hairy filament. Ovary bicarpellary, apocarpous, superior, ovules many. Fruit elongated follicles, seeds brown and long.
   Flowering Fruiting periodThroughout the year
   UsesOrnamental in garden and terrace potted plants.
   Medicinal UsesPlants used in the treatment of wound dressing, venereal diseases and as cardiac tonic.
   Tamil NameDesert Rose