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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Combretum indicum (L.) DeFilipps.


Irangun Malli

   Botanical NameCombretum indicum (L.) DeFilipps.
   SynonymsQuisqualis indica L.
   Common NameEnglish: Rangoon creeper / Tamil: Irangun Malli
   DistributionGlobal: Native to Tropical Asia. Ornamental in Tropical countries.
Indian: Throughout India
   DescriptionWoody vine grows up to 8m height. Leave simple, opposite super imposed, elliptic, apex acuminate. Inflorescence terminal spike. Flower pentamerous, bracteate, fragrant, narrowly tubular, expanding towards apex, pubescent without, sepals 5, triangular, reflexed, petals 5, obovate to oblong, obtuse, white turning deep red at maturity, finely pubescent. Stamens 10, filament long, anther exerted. Style partly adnate to the wall of inner receptacle. Fruit ellipsoid with five wings, seeds pentagonal and black.
   Flowering Fruiting periodJuly - March
   UsesOrnamental in garden.
   Medicinal UsesLeaf juice macerated along with oil used for external application to treat boils, parasitic skin infection and fever. .
   Tamil NameIrangun Malli