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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Alpinia purpurata (Vieill.) K. Schum.


Sigappu Injii

   Botanical NameAlpinia purpurata (Vieill.) K. Schum.
   SynonymsAlpinia grandisK. Schum.; Guillainia purpurata Vieill.
   Common NameEnglish: Red Ginger / Tamil: Sigappu Injii
   DistributionGlobal: Native to Malayan Peninsula. Cultivated and ornamental over tropics and subtropics countries
Indian: Throughout India
   DescriptionRobust aromatic herb grows up to 2-3m height. Leaves oblong, glabrous erect from underground rhizome, apex short acuminate, sessile, ligules unequally 2 lobed, sheaths pubescent at apex and along margins. Inflorescence terminal on leafy shoots, unbranched, basically cylindrical. Flower bisexual, zygomorphic, tubular, complete, primary bracts red to pink, ovate or broadly obovate, apex mucronate, persistent, bracteoles reddish, tubular with subapical spur, floral tube 2mm long, calyx reddish, corolla white, exserted beyond primary bracts, labellum white with 2 distinct lateral lobes. Stamens 2 fertile, staminodes present, long filament, anther two thecae. Ovary 3, style long, stigma capitate. Fruits capsule, globose, seeds angled.
   Flowering Fruiting periodThroughout the year
   UsesOrnamental in garden.
   Medicinal UsesUsed for digestive problems, reduce inflammation, increase fertility, prevent hypertension and cardiovascular diseases.
   Tamil NameSigappu Injii