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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Saribus rotundifolius (Lam.) Blume


Footstool Palm

   Botanical NameSaribus rotundifolius (Lam.) Blume
   SynonymsCarypha rotundifolia Lam.; Licuala rotundifolia (Lam.) Blume Livistona altissima Zoll.; Livistona mindorensis Becc.
   Common NameEnglish : Footstool Palm, Fan Palm/ Tamil : --
   DistributionGlobal : Native to Borneo to New Guinea. Widely distributed in Southeast Asia as ornamental
Indian: Throughout India.
   Description: Solitary Tall evergreen palm tree grows up to 25m height rarely 45m height, Bark dark greyish with persistent leaf marks on trunks. Leaves palmately lobed, petiole long, leaf blade entire at centre, leaf segments forked at the end, spirally arranged at the tip of the trunk. Inflorescence long peduncle, glabrous straw coloured, peduncular bracts. Flowers solitary or in clusters, Trimerous, bisexual, yellowish, sessile, sepals broadly ovate, obtuse, dorsally carinate, petals less obtuse, yellowish. Stamens 6, Ovary glabrous, style subulate, acute, very short. Fruit fleshy drupe, round, brick red colour and become black on fully matured. Seed globose.
   Flowering Fruiting periodThroughout the year
   UsesCommonly planted as ornamental in garden and landscaping. Leaves used for thatching of roofs and wrapping foods.
   Medicinal UsesDecoction of leaves used to treat diarrhoea and studies showed presence of antioxidant and antibacterial activity in leaf extracts. The paste of leaves also applied for wound healing.
   Tamil NameFootstool Palm