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Department of Botany

Since 1980

Calliandra haematocephala Hassk.


Red Powder Puff

   Botanical NameCalliandra haematocephala Hassk.
   SynonymsAnneslia haematocephala (Hassk.) Britton & P. Wilson;Calliandra inaequilatera Rusby; Feuileea haematocephala Kuntze
   Common NameEnglish : Red Powder Puff / Tamil : --
   DistributionGlobal : Native to Bolivia. Ornamental in tropical and subtropical countries
Indian: Throughout India.
   Description: Deciduous small tree grows up to 3-5m height, bark dark brown or black and rough. Leaves pinnately compound stipulate, stipules ovate-lanceolate, persistent, petiolate, leaf lets 7-9 pairs, obliquely lanceolate, covered with soft hairs along margin, tip mucronate. Inflorescence axillary head. Flowers pentamerous, actinomorphic, bisexual, hypogynous, complete, calyx campanulate, five lobed, corolla purplish with five lobes, tubular. Stamens numerous, staminal tube white long 6cm, filaments long deep red, anther minute. Ovary monocarpellary, style long, stigma capitate. Fruit pod, linear-oblanceolate, seeds 5-6, brown.
   Flowering Fruiting periodAugust - September /October - November
   UsesOrnamental and fodder plant. Planted for soil reclamation and used as additional material for composting.
   Medicinal UsesPlant used to get relief from haemorrhoids, reduce inflammation and elimination of seizures.
   Tamil NameRed Powder Puff