SELECT * FROM Dept_web WHERE `Department` LIKE "Botany"

Department of Botany

Since 1980

Casuarina equisetifolia L.



   Botanical NameCasuarina equisetifolia L.
   SynonymsCasuarina brunoniana Miq.
   Common NameEnglish : Beach oak / Tamil : Chavukku
   DistributionGlobal : Australia, Pacific and India
Indian : Throughout India
   DescriptionEvergreen tree up to 35 m tall, Bark dark brown. Leaves/Foliage consists of slender, much-branched green to grey-green twigs, bearing minute scale-leaves in whorls of 6-8. The flowers are produced in small catkin-like inflorescences; the male flowers in simple spikes, the female flowers on short peduncles. Unlike most other species of Casuarina (which are dioecious) it is monoecious, with male and female flowers produced on the same tree. The fruit is an oval woody structure, superficially resembling a conifer cone made up of numerous carpels each containing a single seed with a small wing 6-8 mm long.
   Flowering Fruiting periodFebruary-June/August-September
   UsesFood, Fuel wood, Pest Management and for ornamental purposes
   Medicinal UsesUsed in Treatment of inflammation, cancer and arthritis
   Tamil NameChavukku