It is in the heart of the city. This is a 275 ft tall Rock Structure. It is amazing to hear that this structure is one of the oldest and calculated close to million years old. There is a cave temple cut out at the pinnacle is believed to have been built in 580 AD. The Temples of Lord Siva called Thayumanavasa Swami temple, where the lingam is said to be projection of the rock itself and Lord Vinayagar [uchhi pillaiyar] is the attraction of this 350 steps rockfort. There are inscriptions in these temples that date back to 3rd century B.C. At the foothills of the rock fort, a big & beautiful tank and a pavilion where the annual float festival enthralls thousands of people.
The temple of Sri Ranganathaswami at Srirangam boasts an historic past of great kingdom and a civilization thousands of years old. The reign of the Pallavas was marked by the creation of a solid religious foundation, for example, the encouragement given by the dynasty appears to have contributed to the growth of Aryan institutions in southern India more particularly in the Carnatic. Cholas reigned for about three hundred years over the Coromandel Coast and the greater part of Eastern Deccan, where they helped an advanced Hindu Culture to flourish.
Thiruvanaikaval is surrounded by river kaveri (southern) and river kollidam (northern). The Kollidam is the northern distributary of the Kaveri River. The Jambukeswarar temple is located here. This temple is one of the Pancha Bhootha Sthalam [five elements of nature] representing water. There is a freshwater spring underneath the Shiva Linga. It is believed that Jambul fruit will ripening every day from the tree in the temple and the same will be serve for the Deity as the first offering. It is also the birthplace of the world-renowned Nobel Laureate C. V. Raman.
Kallanai is an ancient dam built across the river Kaveri in the district of Trichy, Tamil Nadu. This dam was constructed in second century AD by the Chola king Karikalan, which is located 15 km away from Tiruchirapalli. Kallanai Dam is the fourth older water rerouting system in the world that is still in existence. It was an insightful construction to divert the river Kaveri to the delta districts to uplift irrigation thereby avoiding disaster of crops due to floods. The dam has a strong foundation as well as a solid design. Due to its stunning engineering, the dam is still an inspiration to most of the modern dams and Kallanai dam is still used for various irrigation needs in Tamil Nadu. Because of its spectacular architecture, it is one of the prime tourist spots in Tamil Nadu.
Bragadeeswarar Temple popularly known as Thanjai “Periya Koil” [Big Temple]. The Great Chola Emperor Raja Raja Cholan I [985-1012], dedicated this temple to Lord Siva in the year 1010 AD. This temple celebrated its 1000th year of existence in the year 2010. It is located amidst fortified walls presumed to have been added in the 16th century. This great temple speaks about the architectural excellence of the region. The tower above the sanctum Sanctorum is 216 feet tall. This tower is one of the tallest towers of its kind in the whole world. Kumbam or chikaram a bulbous structure above the tower cut out of one rock weighs almost 80 tons, is regarded as the showcase of the Architectural Excellence of the period. It is believed that the Cupola / Sikaram was rolled up the incline built from the Village called Saara Pallam now called as Vayalur, more than 5 Kms from the BIG TEMPLE. The majestic tower and lifting the cupola to the top is a testimony to the engineering skill of the Chola Architects, who planned its construction in such a manner that the shadow of the Cupola does not fall on the ground. 12 ½ feet tall, 8 feet long and 5 ft wide sacred bull or Nandi made out of a single rock weighing 25 tons installed outside, in front of the sanctum Sanctorum. The Lingam is 13 ft tall, with a circumference of 54ft.